Jiu-Jitsu History – The History of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Jiu-Jitsu has almost a hundred years of experience, much of which cannot be traced precisely. Nevertheless, many historians claim that this “gentle art” where Buddhist monks used to practice it, comes from somewhere in India. These monks developed techniques which focused on the principles of leverage and balance, concerned about the protection of their citizens and their self-defense. This is the way this martial style of art came into being, as a mechanism in which the body can be controlled so that it can remain free from power or weapons. As the Buddhism grew, it began to spread to China from Southeast Asia and finally reached Japan, gaining more prominence there and increasing.
At the end of the 19th century a number of Japanese masters of Jiu Jitsu immigrated to other continents and engaged in fighting and tournaments, while also teaching martial art. One special master, Esai Maeda Koma, was known as the ‘Koma Province.’ Till 1915, he arrived in Brazil, Koma travelled with a troupe fighting in many European and American countries. He settled at Belem do Para the following year and met Gastao Gracie a male there. Gastao was soon excited and brought Carlos, his eldest son, to learn from master Koma, with 8 children and 3 females and 5 boys.
A delicate 15 year old, Carlos Gracie was also a way for him to improve his personal condition apart from learning how to fight. Carlos moved to Rio de Janeiro with his family at the age of nineteen, and began fighting and teaching there. Carlos was not only taught martial art in his journeys, but he also battled and physically conquered stronger rivals to prove just how successful it was. After returning to Rio in 1925, he opened his own academy, calling it “Academia Gracie de Jiu-Jitsu.”
Carlos also started to teach his brothers afterwards, though he adapted and improved Jiu Jitsu’s techniques in the meantime. Carlos also taught them his ideas of healthy eating and his philosophy of life. Carlos became known eventually for the creation of Gracie’s diet, an athletes’ diet. This led to the alteration in the very importance of martial art and began to be synonymous with well being.
Carlos developed respectfulness, patience and self-confidence after the creation of this successful self-defense method. Carlos began to question well-known combatants at the time in order to show just how superior Jiu Jitsu was over other battle styles. In the fighting careers of his brothers, he even became the trainer. Thanks to battling and beating opponents who were fifty or sixty pounds heavier than they were, the Gracies received fast recognition and reputation.
With this martial art form becoming increasingly popular, it attracted many practitioners in Japan who migrated to Rio, but did not succeed similarly to the Gracies. This is because the templates used by Japanese practitioners primarily concentrated on throws and downs. The Jiu Jitsu practiced by Gracies, on the other hand, featured much more advanced methods of submission and ground combat.
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The techniques that Carlos and his brothers have changed and adapted resulted in a total shift in the complexity of Jiu Jitsu’s concepts worldwide. Finally, thanks to the unique methods of the Gracies, athletics acquired a national identity. Then, this martial art style became known as “Brazilian Jiu Jitsu” and martial artists worldwide, including Japan, began to do so.
When an official governing authority was formed to ensure that the administration of martial art, along with its classification rules, and the method, was controlled, the era of Jiu Jitsu competitions began. The founding ceremony was held in Master Carlos Gracie Jr., both a national Confederation of Brazil and a worldwide federation. Carlos Gracie Jr. organised a number of the original Jiu Jitsu tournaments to promote its development when collaborating with the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Confederation. Currently, the IBJJF and CBJJ are playing in Asia, Brazil, Europe, and the USA, and that is exactly what Carlos’ first dream came true to promote Jiu Jitsu around the world. This was Jiu Jitsu’s traceable past and how it became a sport worldwide.